Tuesday, May 4, 2010

function to_string and to_array

Hello

I like function string_to_array and array_to_string. The power of these functions is unlimited. Last week somebody noticed problems with NULLs related to string_to_array function. It is true - these function doesn't handle NULL well :(.

postgres=# SELECT string_to_array('1,2,3,NULL,5',',')::int[];
ERROR:  invalid input syntax for integer: "NULL"

I would to prepare new version of these function (with better support of NULL) - functions to_array and to_string. It can be prepared for 9.1.

CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION to_string(anyarray, sep text, nullstr text DEFAULT '') 
RETURNS text AS $$
SELECT array_to_string(ARRAY(SELECT coalesce(v::text, $3) 
                                FROM unnest($1) g(v)),
                       $2)
$$ LANGUAGE sql;

postgres=# select to_string(array[1,2,3,4,null,5],','); 
 to_string  
------------
 1,2,3,4,,5
(1 row)

postgres=# select to_string(array[1,2,3,4,null,5],',','<NULL>');
    to_string     
------------------
 1,2,3,4,<NULL>,5
(1 row)

CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION to_array(text, sep text, nullstr text DEFAULT '') 
RETURNS text[] AS $$ 
  SELECT ARRAY(SELECT CASE 
                           WHEN v = $3 THEN NULL::text 
                           ELSE v END 
                  FROM unnest(string_to_array($1,$2)) g(v)) 
$$ LANGUAGE sql;

postgres=# select to_array('1,2,3,4,,5',',');
     to_array     
------------------
 {1,2,3,4,NULL,5}
(1 row)

postgres=# select to_array('1,2,3,4,<NULL>,5',',','<NULL>');
     to_array     
------------------
 {1,2,3,4,NULL,5}
(1 row)

postgres=# select to_array('1,2,3,,5',',')::int[];
    to_array    
----------------
 {1,2,3,NULL,5}
(1 row)

These SQL functions can be used for now.

Pavel

3 Comments:

At September 18, 2013 at 11:21 AM , Blogger Nashev said...

How about handling separator inside of some items? I'm about quoting or escaping of them.

I need convert to string array of unknown strings, wich can contain coma and any other separators. How I can convert it to string and back?

 
At September 18, 2013 at 11:25 AM , Blogger Nashev said...

I'm about command like

select string_to_array(array_to_string(ARRAY['qq','w,w'], ','), ',')

wich returns array of three items instead of two

 
At September 18, 2013 at 11:27 AM , Blogger Nashev said...

(forgot follow-up answers)

 

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